Searching for any information on the Internet covering the Pre-Islamic Arabs of the early 3rd century proved rather difficult. There are a number of scholarly studies published, but these would take care of the cost of a dozen armies.
There are however, small nuggets of information about the Nomadic tribes which did lead me back to the commercial centres, such as Osrhoenae, Edessa, Adiabene and
Singar to name a few. Here, I can only conclude some Nomadic families made rich
through their entrepreneurial ventures in the desert moved to the big
Further, Lakhmid and Ghassānid became frequent terms to describe
those tribes becoming auxiliaries of the East Roman (Byzantine) or Sassanid
Persians. More information is forthcoming as both major powers kept better
records than their predecessors.
Pre-Islamic religion found at Wiki provided useful information for possible
tribal banners. This link brings you to Arab Mythology:
following may prove useful for those wishing to investigate further
Aranki, Ayoub, Ammari, Batarseh, Barakat, Bassit, Bayouth, Chakar, Dmour,
Fallouh (فلّوح), Farah, Farhat, Dababneh,Farhoud, Gharios, Ghanem ,Ghanma,
Ghannoum, Ghulmiyyah, Haber, Habib, Haddad, Hamra, Hattar, Howayek, Haddadin,
Ishaq, Jabara (Jebara or Gebara, Gibara), Kandil, Karadsheh, [Khazen], Kawar,
Khleif, Khoury, Lahd, Layoun, Ltaif, Maalouf, Madanat, Madi, Makhlouf,Al Marjieh
tribe ,Matar, Moghabghab, Mokdad, Mubaydeen, Naber, Nasir, Nayfeh, Nimri, Obeid,
Outayeck, Oweis, Ozaizi, Rached, Rahhal, Razook, Saab, Saad, Saadi, Saah,
Salama, Saliba, Samandar, Samar, Sfeir, Sayegh, Shdid, Sheiks Chemor, Smeirat,
Sweis, Sweidan, Suheimat, Theeba, Touma, Tyan, Zahran.
Searching for an
equivalent list for the Lakhmids did not produce a nice list, but I did
find “Kindah Wars with the Lakhmids”
The tribal names recorded are of the 5th and 6th century, but may have a
longer lineage to an earlier time.